Cinnamaldehyde sin-uh-MAL-duh-hide is also known as cinnamic aldehyde; 3-phenylpropenal; cinnamyl aldehyde; phenylalacrolein; cinnamal; and trans-cinnamaldehyde. It is a yellowish oily, liquid with a sweet taste and a cinnamish odor responsible for the characteristic taste and odor of cinnamon spice.
It occurs naturally in the bark of the cinnamon tree, Cinnamomum zeylanicumwhich is native to Sri Lanka and India, and has been cultivated in other parts of the world, such as Brazil, Jamaica, and Mauritius. Primary uses for Cinnamaldehyde are as a food flavoring and a medical herb.
It has been used for many centuries to treat a wide variety of disorders, ranging from the common cold and the flu to diarrhea to cancer. It was mentioned in Chinese medical texts as early as bce and was described in a famous Chinese medical text, the Tang Materia Medicawritten in ce It has also been used for centuries in Ayurvedic medicinethe ancient healing art of India.
Cinnamaldehyde is prepared commercially by treating the bark of the Cinnamomum zeylanicum tree with steam. The aldehyde dissolves in the steam and can then be extracted as the steam cools and condenses to form cold water, in which the compound is much less soluble. The two compounds condense with the elimination of water to form cinnamaldhyde. It is used most commonly in cake mixes, chewing gums, chocolate products, synthetic cinnamon oils, cola drinks, ice creams, soft drinks, and vermouth.
The compound is also added to a number of cosmetics and home care products to improve their odor. Such products include deodorants, detergents, mouthwashes, perfumes, sanitary napkins, soaps, and toothpastes.Radioamatore in inglese
Finally, cinnamaldehyde is used to some extent in agriculture as an insecticide and fungicide. No safety concerns about the use of cinnamaldehyde as an herbal remedy, food additive, or pesticide has been expressed. The U. Environmental Protection Agency. Cite this article Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography.
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About this article Cinnamaldehyde Updated About encyclopedia. Ethyl Acetate. Isoamyl Acetate. Butylated hydroxyanisole. Calcium Phosphate. Butylated Hydroxyanisole and Butylated Hydroxytoluene. Butylated hydroxytoluene. Cinnabon Inc. Cinesi, Le. Cineon format. Cinemeccanica S. Cinema Novo.
Cino da Pistoia. Cinquefoil, Robbins'.The present study was carried out to isolate and identify the putative antidiabetic compounds Subash BP et al; Phytomedicine 14 1 : Available from, as of July 14, The probable oral lethal dose for humans is 0.
Both the oil and pure aldehyde are irritants, especially if undiluted. They can also cause inflammation and erosion of gastrointestinal mucosa. Prolonged skin contact more than 48 hr can produce superficial partial thickness burns. Bingham, E. New York, N.
V5 Gosselin, R. Smith, H. Clinical Toxicology of Commercial Products.The Diels-Alder - Making Cubane Episode 7
Baltimore: Williams and Wilkins, Agents obtained from higher plants that have demonstrable cytostatic or antineoplastic activity. Agents that reduce the frequency or rate of spontaneous or induced mutations independently of the mechanism involved. Yuan J et al; Fundam Appl Toxicol 20 1 : Results of numerous studies indicate that cinnamyl derivatives are absorbed, metabolized and excreted as polar metabolites within 24 hr. Radioactivity is distributed primarily to the gastrointestinal tract, kidneys, and liver, after single- or multiple-dose oral administration.
At all dose levels, a small amount of the dose is distributed to the fat. Urinary metabolites were identified by their chromatographic characteristics. Cheung C et al; J Dermatol Sci 31 1 : Please Wait.40v makita battery
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Government Printing Office, Supt. Safety Information. Synthetic Route. Articles 90 More Articles. Top Suppliers: I want be here. Related Compounds: More Articles of Cinnamaldehyde are included as well. User Name:. Sign In. Chinese USA. Use of Cinnamaldehyde Cinnamaldehyde is a major and a bioactive compound isolated from the leaves of Cinnamomum osmophloeum kaneh. Cinnamaldehyde is a cytokine production inhibitor.
Cinnamaldehyde has anti-bacteria, anti-oxidation, and anti-inflammatory properties. Cinnamaldehyde is a major and a bioactive compound isolated from the leaves of Cinnamomum osmophloeum kaneh.Occurring naturally as predominantly the trans E isomer, it gives cinnamon its flavor and odor. The natural product is trans -cinnamaldehyde. The molecule consists of a benzene ring attached to an unsaturated aldehyde. As such, the molecule can be viewed as a derivative of acrolein.
The biosynthesis of cinnamaldehyde begins with deamination of L -phenylalanine into cinnamic acid by the action of phenylalanine ammonia lyase PAL. Several methods of laboratory synthesis exist, but cinnamaldehyde is most economically obtained from the steam distillation of the oil of cinnamon bark. The compound can be prepared from related compounds such as cinnamyl alcoholthe alcohol form of cinnamaldehydebut the first synthesis from unrelated compounds was the aldol condensation of benzaldehyde and acetaldehyde ; this process was patented by Henry Richmond on November 7, Cinnamaldehyde occurs widely, and closely related compounds give rise to lignin.
All such compounds are biosynthesized starting from phenylalaninewhich undergoes conversion. Cinnamoyl-CoA reductase is an enzyme responsible for the production of cinnamoyl-CoA from cinnamaldehyde.Anfitriona definición diccionario
Autoxidation produces cinnamic acid. The most obvious application for cinnamaldehyde is as flavoring in chewing gumice creamcandyeliquid and beverages ; use levels range from 9 to 4, parts per million ppm that is, less than 0. It is also used in some perfumes of natural, sweetor fruity scents. Almondapricotbutterscotchand other aromas may partially employ the compound for their pleasant smells. Cinnamaldehyde can be used as a food adulterant ; powdered beechnut husk aromatized with cinnamaldehyde can be marketed as powdered cinnamon.
Cinnamaldehyde has been tested as a safe and effective insecticide against mosquito larvae. Cinnamaldehyde is also known as a corrosion inhibitor for steel and other ferrous alloys in corrosive fluids such as hydrochloric acid. It is believed that this is achieved by polymerization to form a protective film on the metal surface. Cinnamaldehyde is also a potent inducer of apoptosis via ROS-mediated mitochondrial permeability transition in human promyelocytic leukemia HL cells.
Researchers are currently investigating cinnamaldehyde as a potential anti- obesity drug. Numerous derivatives of cinnamaldehyde are commercially useful. Dihydrocinnamyl alcohol occurs naturally but is produced by double hydrogenation of cinnamaldehyde. It has the fragrances of hyacinth and lilac.Read More About Us The Department of Statistics at Oxford is a world leader in research including computational statistics and statistical methodology, applied probability, bioinformatics and mathematical genetics.
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